One of Sindh`s most renowned poet, philosopher and Sufi saint was born in 1177. He was a Persian sufi saint and his birth name was Syed Usman Shah Marwandi. He belonged to the Suhrawardiyya order of Sufis. He was a preacher of peace and tolerance among Muslims and for this reason thousands of people visit his shrine every year to seek inner peace especially during his Urs.
1Life of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar
Born to a dervish named Syed Ibrahim Kabiruddin, Shahbaz Qalandar (Shaikh Usman Marwandi) was born in Marwand, Afghanistan. His ancestors belong to Baghdad but they migrated to Mashhad which is a focal point of knowledge and learning of civilization after which they again migrated to Marwand. He settled down in Sehwan (Sindh) after travelling around the Muslim world. He was also buried in Sehwan.
He was a dedicated learner and was keen on gaining knowledge about many religious disciplines which made him into an intellectual person and a profound scholar. He was also a witness to the rules of Ghurids and Ghaznavids in South Asia. He even became proficient in many languages such as Persian, Arabic, Turkish, Sindhi and Sanskrit. He soon became popular among not only Muslims but also among different ethnic groups for his sound preaching and message of peace. He was given the name Lal meaning Red because of his usual attire. He was given the name Shahbaz because of his pure and divine spirit and because his connection to Sufiism he was called Qalandar. Even Hindus considered him sacred and in short he was incorporated as a celebrity among all.
It is believed that Shahbaz Qalandar entered in Sindh even before 1196 and that he was in Sehwan in 1251. He met Pir Haji Ismail Panhwar of Paat during the time he was in Sindh. He started teaching in Fuqhai Islam Madrarrsah around the time which he wrote hi treaties Mizna-e-Sart Kism-e-Doyum, Aqd and Zubdah.