An Overview on the Small City of Sindh: Kotri

Kotri is a small city and the headquarters of the Kotri Taluka of Jamshoro district of Province Sindh in the country Pakistan. It is located on the right bank of the Indus and since the year 1900 has been linked with Gudu Bander on the other side of the river by an iron bridge replacing the steamboat which was utilized to cross between these 2 places.


In 19th century, Jhirk was believed to be the busiest river port and centre of commercial activity in the province of Sindh. It also served as the headquarters of the Indus Flotilla, the most contemporary navigational network of those days.

Karachi Port near the city Karachi was linked to Jhirk the headquarters of Indus Flotilla, which was in Jhirk town near the city of Kotri and then it will go up to Mithankot Rajanpur district near the city of Dera Ghazi Khan and then to the last point Makhad Attock. This section of Indus Flotilla was known as Punjab flotilla and the Indus flotilla interchangeably.

British Indus Flotilla of steamboats which once combined and plied the Indus River is elaborated by (Shaw 1998).

The river Indus was a significant artery of communication between the cities Karachi and Jhirk Near Kotri Sindh, was a significant river port, the Indus Flotillaused large quantities of firewood and it was used to fuel steamboats. Hassan Ali Effendi kept account of the outgoing and incoming wood and Steam boats.

The small city actually was within the Jagir of Malik Sardar Khan, ancestor of Malik Asad Sikandar Khan, the District Nazim of Jamshoro District. Recently established district of Sindh province of Pakistan, Chief of Numria, the ‘9-man’ clan.


The town consists of road communication to city Karachi. There are 2routes: one by Thano Bula Khan, and the other through Jhirk,Thatta, Gharo and Landhi. A route also goes to Band Virah, a distance of 39 km (24 mi).

Much of the traffic by river from the city Jhirk has ceased since the establishment of the railway.

The city contains a railway and road system, a courtesy of its neighbour, the city of Hyderabad, on the other side of the river. Soon, Kotri stood out as a huge terminus for city Karachi, offering trainfuls of passengers from the the Kotri Railway Station. It also facilitates as a starting point for the river steamers for the cities Sukkur and Multan.

The founder of International Spiritual Movement Anjuman Serfaroshan-e-Islam, Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, was also the resident of city Kotri. His followers think this town pious due to its belonging with Gohar Shahi and call it “Kotri Sharif”, which significantly means “Noble Kotri”. Gohar Shahi is popular as “Allah Hu Walay Baba” in this place and his family still lives in the city Kotri.



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