Karoonjhar Mountains are situated in the city of Tharparkar. This is mere hill in the district near the place of Nagarparkar on the northern edge of the Rann of Kutch. It contains granite rocks and Chinese clay. This is a minor area pretty different from the desert. The tract is flat and level except close to the region of Nagarparkar itself. The principal range Karoonjhar is almost 19 kilometers in length and attains a height of 305 m. Smaller hills rise in the east, which are covered with sparse jungle and pasturage and provide rise to 2 perennial springs named Achleshwar and Sardharo as well as temporary streams known as Bhetiani and Gordhro, after the rains. Karoonjhar Dam is being built to supply water to people of Nagarparkar region.
Karoonjhar Mountains are rich in mineral deposits, and stones raked out of Karoonjhar are utilized for the construction of buildings. A variety of stones, in a rare combination of red, black, brown, green and white shades are present in the mountain. The most valuable among these is the granite, which is also discovered in many shades.
The economic significance of Karoonjhar can be judged from a famous local saying: “Karoonjhar yields a hundred kilos of gold regularly”. It generally implies that the mountain range is rich in deposits. Additionally, there are several plants that are rich in medicinal value, and which the locals utilize to treat several ailments. These involve khokhro, gun wel, satawari, jhangli basar (wild onion), shiv jati, uth kanthi, gogaroo and many others.
The poets of Sindh and Gujarat have referred to the Karoonjhar in many verses, for several reasons. The myths and lores of Sadwant and Saranga, Hothal pari and Odho Jam, Bherio garori, Moondre ji sati phool, etc., are regarded to the Karoonjhar. Hothal pari (fairy) – a superb character of Sindh’s folklores – is considered to have had appeared 1st in the Karoonjhar mountains. In old times, Karoonjhar was also famously known as Kinro. The mountain range has several places of historical importance, like Bhodeser talao, Alakh wao (hidden well), Anchlechure, Sardaro, Gao mukhi, Punraj gadr, Nani, Chandan gadr, Bhaun jo bheesro, Jharno and Bhaunro. In the past, many individuals were exiled to the Karoonjhar by monarchs of nearby states.
In the season of monsoon, the rainwater pours down the Karoonjhar mountains and flows down in the shape of more than twenty rain streams – Bhatiani, Maoo, Gordaro, Ranaser, Sukhpur, Ghatiari, Madanwah, Moondaro, Bhodeser, Lolrai, Drah, Puranwah, etc. – to the Ranr of Kutch. If these rain streamlets are changed into small dams, the individuals and the cattle of Nangar and its surroundings would no longer die of thirst, and drought, perhaps, would never take place in Nagarparkar. People, on their own, have made attempts to contain the rainwater in small ponds and it has made life simpler and convenient for them. But this water isn’t enough to sustain the whole population of the place, and more attempts on the part of the government are required in this regard. The place experiences extreme of climate because of rocky terrain. But the months of August and September is recommendable for visit.