Khudabad: The City of God

Khudabad is a proposed city in the district of Dadu, Sindh Pakistan.

Demography:

The population of Khudabad is nearly upto 75,000. The religious groups are Sindhis and Baluchis. The populace is mostly Muslim with a minority of Hindu population.

Background:

The province of Sindh was agricultural sector with the lust forests during the Indus Valley Civilization. The Vedic time period is featured by Indo-Aryan culture that attacked from Central Asia and settled in the province of Sindh.

Beginning with Muhammad bin Qasim and Habbari era, later Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire governed the region. The province of Sindh became primarily Muslim due to  Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the ground of Sindh.

Over 1710 AD Yar Muhammad Kalhoro along with his devotees reached over Khudabad from the Panhwar. Between the time period of 1718 and 1719, Mian Yar Muhammad lost his life and he was buried there. After his death when Mian Noor Mohammad Kalhoro became the ruler of Sindh, he selected Khudabad. He began establishing the place quickly as a well planned city, which led to various Amils and Bhaibands shifting there for employment and trade. He also constructed a magnificent Jamia Musjid. Khudabad was previously the capital of Sindh between the period of 1719 and 1768 when replaced with the city Hyderabad.

In the year 1755, Mian Noor Mohammad Kalhoro died and was buried in shrine, constructed by him before his death, over a kilometer from the city of Khudabad. Those clubs have been kept in the shrine of Mian Noor Mohammad Kalhoro. Persons utilized to come to shrine and offer sticks as signs of respect. Many a times, Hindus conducts mundane ceremony of their kids there and provides sticks as rituals. It is also stated that persons still find very ancient coins in the remnants of Khudabad city. Over 1908, a charcoal seller on his horse passed through the city Khudabad and collided with a wall of an ancient infrastructure and observed few silver coins. With the assistance of some confidential laborers he discovered various old silver coins worth about 13,000 rupees, which he kept with himself. After some time, this incident leaked out and he was charged under the Indian Treasure-Trove Act in the court of Resident Magistrate of Dadu. After the death of Mian Noor Mohammad, Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro’s claim to govern was challenged by his proposed brothers Muradyab Khan and Attar Khan. The latter was capable to avail Sanad from Ahmed Shah Durrani and so Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro vacated the seat in his favor. Mian Attar Khan could not handle the state of affairs. Taking benefit of political uncertainty, Khosa tribe attacked and looted regional population and burnt the city of Khudabad down by tying fire crackers with the feet of animals and birds and let fly them throughout the city after setting fire to the fire crackers. Although, in the year 1759, the Baloch chiefs reinstalled Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro, who attacked his 2 brothers and grabbed the throne. He began, once again, the accomplishment of Khudabad on nearby lands, by the course of the Indus River.

Fateh Ali Khan attacked and defeated the Kalhora in the time period of 1783 and took over as the new ruler of province Sindh. Khudabad City sustained to remain his capital till it was inundated by Indus River in the year 1789 and then Mir Fateh Ali Khan selected the city Hyderabad as his capital. The change of capital undoubtedly induced a great number of the population of city Khudabad involving Sonaras, Amils and Bhaibands to move to the new seat of royalty. Those groups retained the word Khudabadi in the names of their sectors as an identifier of origin. And Khudabad city’s refusal may be stated to have commenced from that period. Over 1800, the population of Sonaras living in other sectors of province Sindh had moved to city Hyderabad.

The significant Muslim population motivated Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the emergence of Pakistan in the year 1947, the minority of Hindus and Sikhs moved to the city India while the Muslim refugees from the country India took refuge in the district of  Dadu.

Architecture

The mausoleum of Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro of ruler of Kalhora Era is in the icty of Khudabad, Dadu, Sindh.

The Jamia Masjid Khudabad or Badshahi Masjid, is located in the city of Khudabad, Dadu, Sindh and was constructed during the era of Yar Mouhammed Kalhoro between the time period of 1700 and 1718. The mosque is utilized as a school as well as for military training.

 

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