MANJHAND SHIVA TEMPLE: THE SIGNIFICANT GLORY OF SINDH

The historical Manjhand Shiva temple is a unique monument, situated 2 kilometers northeast from the current-day Manjhand. The Manjhand Shiva temple is almost 30 feet in length, 25 feet in breadth and 16 feet high. An arched entrance extends from the side of north-east while detailed brick carvings and astonishing fresco paintings decorate the outer and inner walls of the temple.

The compound wall constructed with baked bricks surrounding the temple has vanished over the centuries along with the veranda. The attractive burnt bricks of the temple wall were laid using a gypsum paste. The construction and the carving on the arches of the inner part of the dome resemble the inner side of Jamia Masjid of Khudabad, Masjid of Samtani and the tomb of Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro in the place of Dadu District. The Manjhand Shiva temple walls have various niches which were probably utilized for sculptures or lamps.

In accordance to locals, the dharam shala near the temple was utilized for the lodging and boarding of Hindus who came from other parts of Sindh province at the annual fair held at the temple where popular Sindhi singers, like Bhagat Kanwar Ram, would perform.

Various towns and villages in Sindh can trace their roots to ancient times, and the village of Manjhand is one of them. Situated on the banks of the river Indus in the area of Kacho, the old Manjhand was washed away over the centuries. An active river harbour, Manjhand prospered from the time period of the Talpurs right through to the British period, thanks to its flourishing trade. The traders belonging to the Manjhand Hindu community were famous all over the world and their trade spread up to Java, Sri Lanka, Gujarat, Persia, Iraq, Rome, Africa and Europe. The current day Manjhand stands on the remains of the old village with a crumbling Shiva temple being the mere remaining symbol of Manjhand’s past glory.

 

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