Muhammad Hashim Gazdar: The Notable Political Figure of Sindh

Muhammad Hashim Gazdar (February 1893 – 19 February 1968) was a notable politician of Pakistan.

Early life of Hashim Gazdar

Hashim Gazdar was born in the year of 1895 in Jaisalmer. His ancestral roots linked to Rajput Clans of Rajasthan (present-day India). His father, Faiz Muhammad Gazdar, was an engineer who had moved from Rajistan to Karachi after the Sindh was under the jurisdiction of the British Empire since the year of 1843.

Hashim Gazdar initiated his academic career from Sindh Madressah-tul-Islam, Karachi city, and completed Intermediate in 1911. He also studied civil engineering, earning a degree from the College of Engineering, Pune in 1916.

He was involved in an uplift project for the lower caste in Bombay, but this was unsuccessful. He and a number of other people were dismissed from this project.

Political life of Hashim Gazdar

After losing his job in Bombay he returned to Karachi city where he performed his services as an engineer, in District Local Board, Karachi. However, during subsequent four years, differences on policy matters arose with G.M. Syed, who was then the president of Board; Gazdar resigned.

After that, he joined politics. He was elected a member of the Bombay Legislative Council from Sindh constituency in 1934 election. During his subsequent political career, he was also elected the Mayor of Karachi for the term from the time period of May, 1941 to May, 1942.

During his tenure as a member of the Sindh Assembly, he also joined the Ittehad party for some time. He joined All India Muslim League, which was launching a movement for creation of a separate state for Muslim population of India within the sub-continent (which emerged as Pakistan later) under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Being one; the most confident for Quaid-e-Azam, he was again elected a member of Legislative Assembly from Sindh; and appointed as the Deputy Speaker of the then Sindh Assembly.

Hashim Gazdar was among the legislating members who represented Sindh in the first session of Pakistan’s first Constituent Assembly, and convened for the purpose of legislation in Sindh Assembly Building, Karachi on the day of 10 August 1947, four days before Pakistan’s independence and formation was imminent. Other members included Pirzada Abdul Sattar Abdul Rehman, Muhammed Ayub Khoro, and J. Ram das Doulat Ram.

Gazdar’s role as a former Pakistani politician is highly acknowledged. Being an honest legislator, a steadfast Muslim League politician, his role was significant with a view to turning the stream of politics to a new era.

He passed away in the year of 1968.



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