The Mutwa is a Muslim community discovered in the state of Gujarat in India and a province of Sindh in Pakistan. They are one of a number of communities of Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch.
Origin of Mutwa
The Mutwa are Qureshi Arabs, whose ancestors arrived in the region of South Asia with Muhammad bin Qasim, the Arab conqueror of Sindh province. They settled in the neighborhood of Karachi city, Hyderabad city and Mirpurkhas in Sindh province. One of the Talpur rulers claimed a bride from the community, and when they refused, had to flee Sindh and settled in the Banni region of Kutch.
The community is focused in the districts of Jetpur, Morvi, Dhoraji, Rajkot, Porbandar, Jamnagar, Junagarh and the Banni region of Kutch. They speak fluently Kutchi with heavy Sindhi loanwords. The community is split into two clans, the Peerana and Moorana. Both clans are of equal status, and intermarriages are common.
The Mutwa are a cattle breeding community, and have much in usual cultural with other Maldhari communities such as the Halaypotra. They sell their life stock in the markets of Bhuj and Rajkot. Because of modernization Mutwa in Karachi city have evolved towards trading and a different life style. This new generation has been quite victorious in both education and business, spreading even as far as Europe and the U.S.A.