Rashid ul Khairi: The Exceptional Writer of Hyderabad

Rashid ul Khairi or Allama Rashid-ul-Khairi (largely famous to be known as Musavire Gham) (1868-1936, Hyderabad) was an exceptional social reformer of British India and a reputed writer of Urdu Language. His writing reflects the circumstances of women and what they have to face in a Muslim Society. He was the founder of ISMAT, a social and literary magazine for women, which served the cause of Muslim women education in India and fought for their legal rights. Rashid ul Khairi wrote more than sixty books, two of which were comedic i.e. Sath Ruhoon K Aamalnamay and Nani Ashu.

Gail Minault, Professor of History at the University of Texas, in her book “Secluded Scholars” wrote that, “Rashid ul Khairi was a pioneer of women’s right in the Islamic tradition and was one of the biggest bestsellers in the history of Urdu Novel. He saw the oppression of women, their physical and mental imprisonment and how they were deprived of their rights and he wanted to do something about it.”

In accordance with Munshi Premchand, “Rashid ul Khairi was a great name in literature for women in Urdu and all those who know Urdu language should be grateful to him.”

Allama Iqbal, the greatest Urdu poet of 20th century, wrote on the demise of Rashid ul Khairi that, “His death is a great loss to Urdu literature. Writer of such caliber is not born every day.”

In the words of Qurratulain Hyder, one of the greatest novelist of Urdu literature, in an article had stated “Rashid was one of the greatest reformers of the nation in the 20th century.”



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