Sindh is one of the largest provinces of Pakistan situated in Southern Border. The name of this province has been derived from famous River Indus. According to Sanskrit, the name of Sindh was pronounced “Sindhu” meaning “Ocean”. Approximately in 3000 B.C., the culture of Dravidian was urbanized and gave way to the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus Valley Civilization was rejected due to natural occurring disasters like floods but the take-over of Indo-Aryans caused the unexpected destruction of it, according to the Historians. In the present history, Sindh was seized by the British in 1843. Sindh province remained under the slavery of British India till 1947 when it was declared the official province of Pakistan.
Sindhi language developed about in a time period of 2400 years. After the arrival of Indo-Aryans, the language of Sindh was transformed to Prakrit. Therefore, the Sindhi Language has strong roots of Prakrit as well as Sanskrit along with the vocabulary of Dravidian, Persian and Arabic. Previously, the Sindhi had strong relations with Arabic speaking Muslims. That is why; the Sindhi Language had great influence of Arabic Words.
Sindhi language is a historical language which is spoken in many parts of Pakistan. It is maximally spoken by 41 million in Pakistan and 12 million persons in India. Sindhi language is the second most spoken language in Pakistan, mostly in Sindh. It is identified as the official language of Pakistan as well as of India. The national identity cards of citizens in Pakistan are given merely in two languages i.e. Sindhi and Urdu.
This language is greatly inspired by Sanskrit and 71% of the words in Sindhi are derived from Sanskrit. Sindhi language has given many opportunities to writers due to which very rich poetry and literature came into being on. It has been a soul beauty of art, culture, living standards and music. The language can be composed using Arabic or Devanagri script.
Sindhi people are more comfortable towards agricultural based living standards. The rich Indus plains permit a worthy source of earning for the local people who do farming on these plains. The inland fishing is also exercised with the River Indus in the Upper Sindh allowing more opportunities to people. Travelling way of lifestyle is generally seen in the zones of deserts like Thar where people travel from place to place in the search of water along with their cattle.
The historic Sindhi civilization was the area, where the elegant utilization of freedom was freely accommodated. There have been some proofs, that the revelation of places dating back to 3000 B.C. is also correct, about 1200 years ago when Jaina Dakshiniya Chihna elaborated the distinctive characteristics of Sindhis in this style: “Dignified with a slow, beautiful and soft walk, they are fascinated by the arts of harvas (Song/Dance) and complete devotion towards the country.” The Sindhi people celebrate Sindhi Cultural Day on 6th December by wearing Sindhi cap and Ajrak at that day.
The people of Sindh admire their religion and the main 2 festivals Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha are celebrated with complete passion and spirit. Different regional festivals are celebrated by the local persons to allow people to purchase new things on the eve of Eid. The folk dance of Bhagat is performed by the experts to fascinate the people on different festivals. A Sindhi Cultural Day is the combination of music, folk dance and much other entertainment for the regional people.
Music and Art:
The society of Sindhi is inspired by great Sufis, the spirituals and the martyrs. Sindh is known to be the land of love, ease, peace, romance and other artistry values. There were many philosophers of the Naqsh Bandi order in Thatta who translated the basic rules of religion Islam into their official/mother language. There were many popular Sufi poets such as Shah Abdul Latif Bhattayi. He was the admirer of truth and spent his entire life in the promotion and propagation of it. He was also a remarkable musician. He discovered a new musical instrument at that period known as Tambura. The charm of Bhattayi’s verses is increased by his combination of Cultural Indian Rag with Sindhi folk music.
Wriiten By Aqsa Zahid