Major-General Syed Ahmed El Edroos (Saiyid Aḥmad al-‘aidarūs) was the notable commander-in-chief of the Hyderabad State army at the time of the annexation of Hyderabad State by India in the year of 1948.
Life of Syed Ahmed El Edroos
Syed Ahmed El Edroos was of Arab Hadhrami descent. He was a Ba’Alawi Sayyed of the Bani Hashim meaning he belonged to a Hashemite family. He was commissioned in the year of 1919. El Edroos participated in both World Wars, serving in the 1st Hyderabad Lancers.
El Edroos was a close confidante and trusted aide of the Nizam of Hyderabad. His brothers were also senior officers and distinguished members of the Nizam’s army.
He advised the Nizam of Hyderabad, Osman Ali Khan, not to fight and surrendered to the Indian Army forces outside of Hyderabad city.
In the year of September 1948, El Edroos held the rank of Major-General and Commander of the State Army of Hyderabad. This numbered 6,000 men and consisted of three armored regiments, a horse cavalry regiment, 11 infantry battalions and artillery. It was supported by 18,000 poorly armed and trained irregulars. In the course of Operation Polo the Indian Army was able to scatter this mixed force in five days of fighting. General El Edroos, who had advised the Nizam against opposing the entry of Indian forces, surrendered on the day of 17 September.
His autobiography “Hyderabad of the Seven Loaves” was published in the year of April 1994 and presented a historical account of the Asaf Jahi dynasty with an autobiographical sketch of the author, covering the events of Hyderabad’s merger with the Indian Union. It narrates several anecdotes and facts about the city during the Nizami reign. The book also consists of some rare pictures of the royal and aristocratic events that took place at the time.