Tando Qaiser is a notable town in Hyderabad District, Pakistan. It is termed after 18th-century leader of Nizamani tribe in Sindh province, Qaiser Khan Nizamani who discovered the village after his son Gulham Ali Nizamani died there whilst Qaiser, his younger brother Aloda and their forces were shifting north to their original home of Dera Ghazi Khan in Southern Punjab. Tando means fortified settlement and indicates original settlement founded by Qaiser was a militarily fortified settlement.
History of Tando Qaiser
Qaiser Khan was a great-grandson of Nizamuddin Rind (also termed as Nizam Sakhi) of Dera Ghazi Khan. Nizam Sakhi is buried in a tomb in Choti Nawab, Dera Ghazi Khan. He was a Qaiserani Rind Baluch and Nizamani is a Rind sub-tribe which is now spread over Southern Punjab and Sindh province. Qaiser entered Sindh sometime around A.D. 1750 with his regiment to join the army of the then Kalhora kings of Sindh at the invitation of the Talpur tribe who were already serving the Kalhora dynasty as the leaders of the Kalhora army. At the time, the Talpurs formed the major part and commanded the Kalhora army. Subsequently, around A.D. 1780, the Talpur chief Fateh Ali overthrew the Kalhora kings with the support of Qaiser and the Nizamani contingent of the army as well as the support of other Baloch chieftains.
Although, the alliance with the Fateh Ali didn’t last long and for several reasons Qaiser fell out with the Talpur chief and, hence, decided to go back to Dera Ghazi Khan. On the way back, his son Ghulam Ali fell ill and died close to the current town of Tando Qaiser around A.D. 1790. Qaiser, then well in his 70s, was extremely saddened by the demise of his beloved son and decided to go no further and settle near to where he buried his son. Qaiser’s sorrow is carved in Persian words on Ghulam Ali’s grave which roughly translate as “I stand sorrowful at the death of my son”. Qaiser fortified his settlement, which subsequently grew and became popular as Tando Qaiser.
At about the time of the invasion of Sindh province by the British East India Company in A.D. 1843 which led to the battles of Miani and Dabo, Tando Qaiser was a thriving town led by Qaiser’s great grandsons Ghulam Ali and Ghulam Hussain. Ghulam Ali was martyred whilst Ghulam Hussain was seriously wounded at the Battle of Miani where both fought against the army of the East India Company under the command of General Charles Napier. Many other men from Tando Qaiser were also martyred or wounded at Miani and Dabo. Thereafter the British occupied Sindh and the supremacy of the Baluch tribes in Sindh came to an end. The British gave favours to those who gave allegiance to them and awarded titles such as ‘Sir’ and ‘Nawab’ as well as grants of lands. In particular, the Hindu community greatly benefited and grew in wealth and prominence. The Sindhi community also benefited. The Hindu Thakurs of Tando Qaiser became highly successful in business, trade, and industry. Mango produced in Tando Qaiser were sold in the markets of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) by the Thakurs. They also developed a cotton factory in Tando Qaiser in the early part of the 20th century but due to the independence of Pakistan in 1947, they left Tando Qaiser and their established cotton factory was sold to Haji Wahi Dino Pahore. With that, industrialisation ended in Tando Qaiser.
The opening of Agriculture College, and then Sindh Agriculture University in Tando Jam, left a great affect on the social set-up of Tando Qaiser. A large number of youths from Tando Qaiser graduated from that university. Although most of them are Nizamani and Khaskheli, other communities, such as Qaboolani youths graduated from that Agriculture University.
The literacy rate in Tando Qaiser is high. There are a large number of graduates in different areas, including agriculture, medical, engineering, business administration, information technology and education.
A number of educated people from Tando Qaiser have shifted to other countries, including Australia, Sweden, UK, USA and Canada.
Distribution of population
Tando Qaiser has a population in excess of 25,000. Consequently, the town is split into various neighborhoods (Paro), named after the people living in that vicinity. These neighborhoods include:
- Aloodani Paro
- Bakhrani Paro
- Baqanee Paro
- Qaisrani paro
- Khairani Paro
- Khaskhaylee Paro
- Koree Paro
- Kumbhar Paro
- Lohar Paro
- Nazrani Paro
- Roshan Shah Paro
- Juman Nizamani colony
- Mushtaq colony
Nowadays, individuals from Tando Qaiser are living in different parts of Pakistan. Some of them are also living abroad, including Middle East, Far East Asia, Europe, Australia, Canada, and United States.
The economy of Tando Qaiser is primarily based on agriculture. The town is surrounded by lush green orchards of Mango, Guava, and Jujube (Ziziphus mauritiana). Mangoes, guava and Jujube of Tando Qaiser are very famous. They are not only sold around the country, but also exported to other countries. A large number of people are involved in the production, harvest, and marketing of these fruits.
Local businesses and trade services form a key component of the growth of the communal economy. Concurrently, such business schemes further serve as viable sources of income for residents. Notably, the renowned Tando Qaiser ‘bazaar’ forms an integral aspect of income generated from business in the locality.
Kadir Bux Kaiserani s/o Fateh Ali Kaiserani left Tando Kaiser at the age of 16 in the year of 1930 for Soviet Union and became the first Western educated Nizamani of Tando Kaiser and on return to then India in the year of 1933, became active in Indian independence movement and general secretary of the Sindh branch of the Indian Communist party and also a founding member of Hari Movement in Sindh. He also wrote the first history in Sindhi of the Battle of Miani as well as translating into Sindhi the English travelogue of Pottinger – Sindh Jo Safar. Abdul Qadir Kaiserani left Tando Kaiser for Karachi in the time period of 1940s and gained an education and became a famous journalist and head of Pakistan News Agency during the time of General Zia. Kaiser khan Nizamani (Actor Producer and Director along with the highest civilian award receiver by the state of Pakistan that is the Pride Of Performance award which was awarded in 2018 by the Governor Of Sindh also the first person to start private drama Production on a vast commercial basis also having a LLB degree and enrollment as a lawyer
Qazi Fateh Muhammad Nizamani, 1st Qazi of Tando Qaiser, gave justice to all ethical groups. Qazi Fateh Rasool Nizamani is scholar of Sindh Lt Colonel Usman Ghani Nizamani. He is first from Tando Qaiser city who reached on this level.