The Sukkur District (whose name is being derived from the head quarter Sukkur city) covers an area of 5,165 sq. Km. It is spanned from 27°05′ to 28°02′ north latitudes and from 68°47′ to 69°43′ east longitudes geographically. The city of Sukkur is situated at a height of 220 feet (67 meter) from the level of sea, having the terrestrial coordinates 68°52′ east and 27°42′ north. It is also the smallest and the narrowest part of lower Indus course.
Sukkur District shares its northern border with the city Shikarpur and the recently formulated Kashmore districts. Ghotki is situated on the north-eastern side while the Khairpur is on the south. Sukkur also shares its border with the country India (Jaisalmer, Rajasthan). Sukkur is also linked by air and by road with all the big cities of Pakistan.
The climate or weather of Sukkur is featured by hot and hazy atmosphere during summer season with dry and cold climate in winters. During the month of January, the temperature ranges from 7 to 22 °C (45 to 72 °F). The summer season (month of June before the monsoon) temperature ranges 35 °C (95 °F) though it mostly reaches up to 42 °C (108 °F). Usually the summers starts in March – April and ends before the month of October. The annual or average rainfall of the Sukkur District is 88 mm, and ranges from 0.59 mm to 25.62 mm each month.