The culture of Sindhi Craftwork depicts the cumulative impact of 5000 years of settles and invaders, whose numerous modes of arts were instantly assimilated into the culture. The eminent floral and geometrical architecture that adorns everyday objects – whether of metal, clay, stone, wood or fabric – can be traced to Muslim influence.
Though chiefly a pastoral and agricultural province, Sindh is popular for “Ajrak”, leatherwork, textiles, pottery, carpets and silk clothes which in design and finish are astonishingly matchless. The primary articles produced are coarse cotton cloth, metal work, enamel, blankets, camel fittings, lacquered work, silver and gold embroidery.
Hala is a popular for pottery and tiles; Boobak for carpets; Thatta, Nasirpur and Gambat for khes and cotton lungees. Other famous crafts involve the earthenware of Johi, the rally quilt, embroidery, the metal vessels of Shikarpur and leather things of Tharparkar and the lacquered work of Kandhkot.
The Traditional and Cultural Heritage:
Sindh is enriched in the traditional heritage of handicrafts that has existed over centuries. Perhaps the most excelled exposition of Sindh’s culture is in the handicraft of Hala, a town some 30 km from the city of Hyderabad. The artisans of Hala produce impressive and high quality priced wooden handicrafts, paintings, handmade paper products, textiles and blue pottery, Lacquered wood works called as Jandi, painting on tiles, woods, pottery called as Kashi, hand woven textiles involving Ajraks, susi and Khadi are outstanding with Sindhi culture maintained and secured in Hala’s handicraft.
Sindh is popular world widely for its unique arts and handicrafts. The work of Sindhi artisans was sold in historical markets of Baghdad, Istanbul, Samarkand, Cairo, Basra and Damascus. Referring to the work of lacquer on wood regionally known as Jandi, T. Posten emphasized that the stuff of Hala could be compared with exquisite specimen of the country China.
The Ajrak has survived and existed in Sindh since the evolution of civilization. The color blue is immensely utilized for ajraks. Sindh was conventionally a great producer of indigo and cotton cloth and both used to be largely exported to the Middle East Countries. The Ajrak is a sign of honor when it is given to a respected guest or friend. It is usually given as a gift on festival of Eid, at weddings, or on other great events such as homecoming in Sindh province.