Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was a well known political, religious and revolutionary scholar of the region sub continent. He gave limitless contribution for the independence of Muslim. Owing to his struggles, he is recognized by each and every Muslim. He went place to place for encouraging the Muslims in order to tell them about their basic needs and rights. He raised his voice against the cruel British government and tried his best for uniting Muslims of world. Not just he played significant role in imparting religious education but also make aware Muslims of significance of jihad. He also worked for an agency which was called as “Jamiat-ul-Ansar”. Apart from this, he did various works which were in favor of Muslims. He was also fond of seeking education and knowledge. That is why; he sought knowledge not merely in birth place but also in well-known Islamic institution such as DAR UL ULOOM DEOBAND. In this institution, he was learnt about the basic concepts and golden tenets of Islam. Before highlighting his contribution, it is important to throw light on his biography.
Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi was born on the year of 10th of March, 1872 at the city of Sialkot. In his childhood, he belonged to a Sikh family. His initial name was BOOTA SINGH. His father’s name was Ram Singh, while his mother’s name was PRAIM KAUR. Before his birth, his father lost his life and he was brought and bred by his grandfather and his mother. After the death of his grandfather, he was brought up by his maternal grandfather at jampur where he acquired primary education which was deployed on secular education. In his childhood, he used to give respect to all kinds of religions and was keen intrigued in knowing the principles of several religions. When he became a posthumous child, he never disappointed. He confronted all types of troubles and eliminated hurdles with unshakeable confidence and powerful commitment.
Embracement of Islam and religious Knowledge:
At the age of 16, he embraced Islam in the month of august 1887. The force which pursued Sindhi’s attention was the books of Muslim scholars. Those books were TAQWIAT-AL-IMAM written by SHAH ISMAIL and the 2nd book was AHWAL-AL-AKHIRAH. Besides, the 1st book which was provided to Sindhi by a hindu friend was “Tuhfatul Hind”. This book was written by Maulana Ubaidullah of Malerkotla. Due to this book, immense love for becoming Muslim started to create in Sindhi’s heart. Within few years, he kept himself in touch with Muslim scholars. After stepping into the fold of Islam, he left his home and went to BHARCHUNDI.
He became a disciple of Hafiz Muhammad Sadique who was pious Sufi Saint of his time. Owing to boundless love offered by his murshid, he added the word “Sindhi” at end of his name. After passing 4 months, he was allowed by his murshid for achieving higher Islamic education at DAR AL ULOOM DEOBAND. Maulana Sindhi got his admission in Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband in the month of SAFAR in the time period of 1306 A.H. October 1888. Here he became a man of versatile intelligence and he paid proper attention on his education. Within a short period of time, he got good command on logic, Arabic, Grammar and Philosophy. He also became a good student of Sheikh al HIND, Hazrat Maulana Mahmud Hassan. After completing education at Deoband, Rampur, Gangosh and DEHLI, he got back to the province Sindh and began teaching at AMROT SHARIF.
His Influential Role in Pan Islamism
Gradually, he stepped himself in pan Islamic movement. He desired to bring Muslims out of thick blanket of darkness and depression. He tried tooth and nail for bringing Muslims under one umbrella for claiming a separate state .He played vital role in “Jamiat-ul-Ansar”. When he went to the city Delhi for the promotion of the value of this agency, he gave preference to youth and instilled the valued of jihad into their minds.
Furthermore, he also went to the country AFGHANISTAN in order to get help from them. During the 1st World War, Maulana Sahib told Afghanistan’s government that Muslims are targeted and beaten by British and Indians. So, I came here to launch the spirit of jihad against both these influential communities. He made aware to Afghani people of the significance of geo-strategic location of Afghanistan. After some years, Sindhi presented a memorandum to SHAIKH MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM. The important feature of the memorandum was that it reflected Maulana as a Muslim freedom fighter from the country India who stood for the cause of Hindus as well as Muslims of the region sub-continent. He also established an agency by the name of “JUNUD ALLAH” in Sher bazaar. Besides, in the year 1915, provisional government of India was constituted by Raja Mahendra Pratap, Maulana Sindhi also decided to join it.
Moreover, Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi went to the country Russia. He lived there nearly 5 to 6 month. The intention of going to Russia was the invitation of SOVIET leadership. Maulana sahib was treated in a humble manner. While staying there; he learnt the ideology of socialism. He desired to meet with Lenin but due to sickness of Lenin, Maulana Sindhi could not meet him. After learning the theory of socialism, he was influenced and moved by that ideology.
Additionally, he had left Russia for the country turkey in the year 1923. Here he began the 3rd phase of Shah Waliullah’s philosophy and movement. From the city Istanbul, he issued the charter for the independence of India.
He asserted that without the support of the communists they would not be capable to get food in the country Russia, as it was impossible for a religious leader, or even an ordinary devotee of any religion to stay in the country Russia. So, he made strong relations with Russians, so that Maulana Sahib and his company may lead their life in a suitable manner. With the passage of time the Russian government authorities and a Bengali Hindu M.N. Roy who was the president of Indian communist party, sent Khushi Mohammad to Maulana Sindhi with the advice that he should send for admission some young colligates of his party to the institution of Eastern University of Moscow.
Apart from this, he went to the state Hejaz in order to get basic religious education. He also imparted the philosophy of Hazrat Shah Wliullah and his son Hazrat Shah Ismail Shaheed. He lived there nearly 13 years and came back to the region sub-continent.
Return to India
In accordance to some historians, the experiences of Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi had achieved in the last 25 years he now needed to convey the Muslims at large. He was shocked by the improper attitude of people of Hejaz because they did not gave importance to his philosophy and knowledge.
Owing to attempts of the congress government of Sindh, headed by K.B Allah Bux Soomro that Indian national congress had victorious in getting permission of Maulana. Maulana Sahib reached the city Karachi on the morning of 7th March, 1939. The members of Sindh assembly and Khan Bahadur Allah Bux Soomro humbly welcomed him.
He was suffering from the severe acute diarrhea and was under the medical treatment. Despite of being sick, he presided over a conference of student federation at the city Hyderabad. As life is mortal, so Maulana Ubaidullah Sindhi lost his life in the year 1944 and his grave is situated at the district of Rahimyar Khan.