Zainab Tari Soomro: The Absolute Queen of Sindh

Zainab Tari Soomro ruled as the Queen of Sindh province (in current-day Pakistan) for 10 years from the time period of 1092 AD until 1102. She was the only queen who had ever ruled Sindh as an absolute ruler.

Life of Zainab Tari Soomro

She was the daughter of the Soomra King Asamuddin Daula Dodo Soomro of the Soomra Dynasty, who ascended the throne of Sindh after the death of his father Asimuddin Bhoongar Soomro in 448 AH or 1064-65 AD with the title Dodo-I. Since no male issue followed her, the King appointed tutors for the Princess who trained her how to rule the Kingdom and defend it from the enemies that had sacked Mansura.

King Dodo-I ruled Sindh province for 15 years. During this period of his rule a son was born to him whom he named Shahabuddin Sanghar. While Sanghar Soomro was still a minor, Dodo-I abdicated the throne in the year of 1092 AD in favour of his daughter Zainab Tari, to live a retired life. Since the Prince Shahabuddin Sanghar was a minor, the Council of Ministers and Sardars unanimously followed the wishes of their Monarch and crowned Sanghar’s sister Princess Zainab Tari as the sovereign Queen of Sindh.

During the reign of Queen Zainab Tari, no foreign armies invaded the province of Sindh, and the capital city Tharri expanded, and trade with foreign countries increased. After the tenth year of her rule, under rule of succession she declared Sanghar as the king of Sindh. Consequently, Sanghar was crowned as the Sovereign King of Sindh and Queen Tari was retired to lead a family life.

 

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